Science Objectives (Lab Aids)
Developing an understanding that scientific inquiry and reasoning involves, observing, questioning, investigating, recording and developing solutions to problems.
Organization of Living Things
Develop an understanding that plants and animals have basic requirements for maintaining life which includes the need for air, water and a source of energy. Understand that life forms can be classified as producers, consumers or decomposers as they are part of a global food chain where food and energy is supplied by plants which need light to produce food and energy. Develop an understanding that plants and animals can be classified by observable traits and physical characteristics. Understand that all living organisms are composed of cells that exhibit cell growth and division. Understand that all plants and animals have a definite cycle, body parts and systems to perform specific life functions.
Develop an understanding of the warming of the Earth by the sun as a major source of energy for phenomenon on Earth and how this relates to weather, climate, seasons and water-cycle. Understand how human interaction and use of natural resources affects the environment.
Earth in Space and Time
Develop an understanding that the sun is the central and largest body in the solar system and the Earth as well as other objects in the sky move, by the force of gravity, in a regular and predictable pattern around it. Understand those motions explain the day, year, moon phases, and eclipses. Develop an understanding of the history of Earth and it's life forms over long periods of time and theories regarding Earth's history and continental drift.
Forces and Motion
Develop an understanding that the position and motion of an object is relative to a point of reference. Understand forces affect the motion and speed of an object and that the net force on an object is the total of all the forces acting upon it. Understand that Earth pulls down on objects with a force called gravity. Some forces are in direct contact with objects while others are not.
Heredity and Evolution
Develop an understanding that life forms reproduce to survive and characteristics may be inherited and passed on to the next generation. Inherited traits can be influenced by changes in the environment and by genetics. Other characteristics may be acquired. Understand that fossils provide evidence that that life forms have changed over time due to environment and that life forms either change (evolve) over time or risk extinction. Understand that scientists identify the relatedness of various organisms based on similarities in anatomical features.